Central Child Welfare Board (CCWB) is a statutory body created by the Children's Act 2048 BS (1992). It works towards protection of the children's rights as per the Child Rights Convention (CRC) standard. CCWB has overall responsibility to look after children's issues.
According to Children's Act, 2048 (1992), Government of Nepal shall, by publishing a notification in the Nepal Gazette, constitute a Central Children Welfare Board consisting of twenty one member s at the maximum including the member s from amongst the social workers, woman social worker s, medical practitioners, Child psychologist s and teachers. The Board shall work subject to the policy and directives of Government of Nepal.
According to the Children's Rules, 2051 (1995) section (3) following are the major Functions, Duties and Powers of Central Children Welfare Committee, in addition to the functions, duties and powers referred to in the Act, other functions, duties and powers of the Central Children Welfare Committee shall be followed as:-
(a) To formulate long term national policies and plans relating to protection of rights and interests of children and their physical and mental development also on the basis of Guidelines issued by the body formed by Government of Nepal relating to Children Welfare and to submit to Government of Nepal and to implement or cause to implement policies and plans approved by Government of Nepal through the concerned ministry or agency;
(b) To pass annual programme and budget as per approved national policies and plans and to implement or cause to implement them;
(c) To formulate policies and programmes in order to mobilize necessary re source for plans and programmes relating g to children's welfare;
(d) To guide District Children Welfare Committee and Management Committees;
(e) To review and evaluate progress o f annual programmes of District Children Welfare Committees;
(f) To collect data and keep record of capacity, facilities and so on of Children's Welfare Home s, Juvenile Reform Homes, Orphanage and Centers for Mentally Retarded Persons and other similar Homes or Centers being in operation within of Nepal.
(g) To encourage and co operate any person or institution to establish Children's Welfare Home Orphanage and Centers for mentally retarded persons in various districts having obtained recommendation of District Children Welfare Committee as may be necessary;
(h) To collect separate data of children in jail, abandoned children or child laborers, incapacitated and mentally retarded children in each district and to cause to keep their records in each District Children Welfare Committee and to prepare a national data record;
(I ) To identify measure s necessary for eliminating child labor, child marriage and practices o f offering children in the name of Gods, and to encourage and cooperate the concerned governmental and non-governmental organizations to follow those measures;
(j) Subject to prevailing laws to launch or cause to launch programmes relating to protection and development of children with participation of national and international non-governmental organizations and with approval of Government of Nepal to encourage and cooperate foreign governments and international organizations and associations to launch or cause to launch such programmes;
(k) To publicize provisions o f the United Nations Convention on Rights of Child and other international and regional conventions, declarations relating to protection of right s and interests o f children ratified by Government of Nepal and provisions o f prevailing laws on right s and interest s of children and
(l) To carry out other activities that may be necessary for protection of rights, interests and physical and mental development of children.